Full Form of IPS, SSC, UPSC, IAS, ACP, PSC, Police Department

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Full form of IPS, SSC, UPSC, IAS, ACP/DSP, PSC including details like Eligibility, Exam Pattern, and Salary. All full forms of police departments such as DGP, ADGP, IGP/SIGP, DIGP, SP, DCP, ASP, PI, API, SI, ASI, HC, and PC.

For some candidates, getting into SSC, UPSC, IPS, ACP, or PSC is a dream come true. But if they are not familiar with their full forms at most, then they are missing out on some crucial first impressions for understanding the underlying responsibilities. This article will walk you through their full forms and other relevant information that will interest the aspirants, be it the exam eligibility criteria or the salary packages involved.

Government services are considered to be the best at what they do. This is all due to their role in maintaining the democratic nature of the Indian government.

If you’re not aware of the full forms of popular government services in India, the following table will help with any revisions you need.

Full Form of IPSIndian Police Service
Full Form of SSCStaff Selection Commission
Full Form of UPSCUnion Public Service Commission
Full Form of IASIndian Administrative Service
Full Form of ACP/DSPAssistant Commissioner of Police
Full Form of PSCPublic Service Commission
Full Form of MPPSCMadhya Pradesh Public Service Commission

Full Form of IPS

The full form of IPS is the ‘Indian Police Service.’ This service was first founded in 1948 and is currently regulated by the Ministry of Home Affairs. IPS officers such as Kiran Bedi, U.Sagayam, Shivdeep Lande, and many more have contributed extensively to Indian police services and practices whilst following ethical and moral practices. Therefore, it’s worth learning more about how to become an IPS officer if one is eyeing a career in anything related to civilian protection.

The bottom line, the aspirant has to study for the IPS exam to crack it extensively. It’s one of the toughest exams in the country. However, passing it with flying colours enables the application to stand out from the crowd. Through it, aspirants can obtain any respectable career.

The following are the IPS departments you can join once you pass the IPS exam:

  • Crime Branch
  • Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW)
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Home Guards
  • Traffic Bureau and more.

To be eligible for the exam, you must have a degree from any recognized institute or university. It’s also applicable to aspirants writing their course’s final year examination.

Here are some of the basic eligibility criteria to be met to be an IPS officer:

  • Candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • They should be between 21-37 years of age depending on the category they fall under:
    • General candidates must be between 21 to 32 years of age including 21 and 32.
    • OBC candidates must be between 21 to 35 years of age including 21 and 32.
    • SC/ST candidates must be between 21 to 37 years of age which includes 21 and 37.
    • Age limits for the physically handicapped are set at 42, 45, and 47 years of age for the General, OBC, and SC/ST categories, respectively.

Full Form of SSC

The full form of SSC is the Staff Selection Commission. They conduct government exams to recruit the workforce for many posts and vacancies in offices and organizations under the Government of India. These include exams such as SSC CGL and SSC MTS exams. The SSC CGL exam stands for the Combined Graduate Level exam; it’s essential for recruiting suitable candidates for non-technical and non-gazetted posts in Group B or Group C cadre for departments, offices, and ministries under the Government of India. These exams are very immensely lucrative and competitive; the number of applicants appearing for the exams is high. Lakhs of candidates appear for the recruitment exam for thousands of vacancies annually.

To be eligible for SSC CGL, candidates must satisfy the below criteria:

  • One must hold a Bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized institution.
  • Candidates must be between 18-32 years of age. Your age during your Class 10/12 studies are considered as well.
  • The candidate must be an Indian citizen, a subject of Nepal or Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee who moved to India before 1962.

Those who meet the exam’s criteria and pass it with high marks get to apply for jobs including, but not limited to, assistants, customs examiner, multitasking staff, junior clerks, income tax inspectors, sub-inspector in narcotics, and much more.

Full Form of UPSC

The full form of UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission. It is a government body that holds the suits and responsibilities of conducting the Civil Service Examinations in India. UPSC exam is the most prestigious exam in India and has been since its inception. Should you go after a respectable government job or position in a government organization in India, then the go-to exam to pass would be the UPSC exam.

The UPSC Exam will be conducted in two stages: Preliminary and Main Examinations. This is then followed by an interview. The exam consists of 2 objective-type question papers, each of which are worth 200 marks. The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English so that you can choose one over the years based on your linguistic convenience. The UPSC main exam consists of 1,750 marks, and only candidates who qualify for the prelim exams can write it.

Full Form of IAS

The full form of IAS is Indian Administrative Service. It was first established in 1858 under the Imperial Civil Service, which was later amended. Those who clear the UPSC IAS exam can work under any union, state, or public sector undertaking.

To be part of it, you’ll need to dedicate sheer commitment to it. This is why the following criteria must be met, and some more:

  • One must be an Indian citizen, a subject of Nepal or Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1962.
  • The minimum age limit is 21 years, and the maximum age limit is 32 years.
  • The candidate must hold a graduate degree or equivalent qualification from a recognized institution/ university.
  • You should also be clear about how to become an IAS officer.

Students can refer to all the necessary NCERT books from Classes 8-12 to thoroughly prepare for the UPSC IAS and IPS exams. So be it for history, social science, political science and geography, economics, science, English, and mathematics.

Passing the examination and meeting the eligibility criteria will provide you opportunities to work as one of the following roles:

  • Head of Public Sector Units
  • Collector
  • Commissioner
  • Chief Secretary
  • Cabinet Secretary and more

Full Form of ACP/DSP

The full form of ACP is Assistant Commissioner of Police, and the full form of DSP is Deputy Superintendent of Police. They are among the most reputed police posts in the Indian Police Services. Generally, the role of the ACP is offered to an officer who is in the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police.

If one wants to become an ACP, then they need to know two ways in which that can be possible:

  • A normal promotion from the state police rank
  • Gradually work your way up the ladder after serving for 15-20 years in the police department.
  • After clearing Group I exam with a good rank, direct recruitment can be opted for through the UPSC itself.

But education isn’t all that matters. There are some key duties involved in being an ACP, for which the skills can only be obtained through experience and patience:

  • Any duties you’d perform come directly from the Commissioner of Police.
  • You will guide and supervise the officers under your jurisdiction and maintain the department’s disciplinary measures.
  • Your routine will also include paying a visit to numerous police stations for round checks and verifying the security measures taken there.

Full Form of PSC

The full form of PSC is the Public Service Commission. Before, it was referred to as the Provincial Civil Service (PCS). It is a central authority responsible for conducting the recruitment exams at union and state-level posts under various categories in the departments under the Government of India.

The difference between UPSC and PSC is UPSC is a central examination common all over the country. Whereas PSC is a state exam. As PSC exams are conducted by their independent states, they have their own portals to fill an application form and submit for the upcoming exams.

The basic educational qualification required to attend the state government jobs and central government jobs through the Public Service Commission Examinations are as follows:

  • One must have completed a graduate degree, a postgraduate degree, or a diploma in a relevant discipline.
  • The minimum and maximum age limits are 18 and 33 years of age, respectively.
  • The selection process involves 3 stages: preliminary, mains, and personal interview.

Full Form of MPPSC

The full form of MPPSC is Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission, the administrative and independent body in Madhya Pradesh. They conduct competitive exams to recruit candidates for various posts. The MPPSC exam paper consists of General Studies and General Aptitude.

Since the MPPSC prelims exam is a screening test, it’s required to pass the prelims to appear for the MPPSC main exam. But the eligibility criteria doesn’t stop there:

  • Candidates must have graduated from a recognized university in a relevant course.
  • They must be a citizen of India.
  • They must be between 21-40 years of age. However, the age limit is subject to the post you’re applying for.
  • One can apply for the exam if you possess any professional or technical qualifications recognized by the state government.

Full Forms of Police Department and Designations

Fun fact: ‘Police’ itself is an abbreviation of ‘Public Officer for Legal Investigations and Criminal Emergencies.’ Various police departments have their own designations. We’ll first start with the DGP and work our way down to the SHO.

Tabulated below are the types of police in India with full forms.

Types of PoliceFull Form
Full Form of DGPDirector General of Police
Full Form of ADGPAdditional Director General of Police
Full Form of IGPInspector General of Police
Full Form of DIGPDeputy Inspector General of Police
Full Form of SPSuperintendent of Police
Full Form of DCPDeputy Commissioner of Police
Full Form of ASPAdditional Superintendent of Police
Full Form of PIPolice Inspector
Full Form of APIAssistant Police Inspector
Full Form of SISub-Inspector of Police
Full Form of ASIAssistant Sub-Inspector
Full Form of HCHead Constable
Full Form of PCPolice Constable
Full Form of CICircle Inspector
Full Form of SHOStation House Officer

Full Form of DGP

The full form of DGP is the Director General of Police; they are the highest-ranking police officers in both the states as well as union territories since they are the head of the state’s or the territory’s police force. All DGPs are IPS officers as well. Some of the common appointments for these officers include the Director-General of Prisons, Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau, Director General of Fire Forces and Civil Defence, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), the Police Housing Society, and a few others. In order to become a DGP, you’d first have to be an IPS officer and earn your promotions up to the DGP position. You also need to clear the UPSC exam, failing which you cannot be an IPS officer. The consolidated salary of a DGP is INR 80,000 per month with no grade payments.

Full Form of ADGP

The full form of ADGP is the Additional Director General of Police. They have the 3-star police rank as their maximum ranking (which is similar to the DGP). However, this position is considered junior to the Director General of Police (DGP). The mark of an ADGP is the national emblem over a crossed sword and baton.

ADGP officers also wear Gorget patches on their collars with a dark blue background and a leaf-like emblem stitched on top of it. ADGPs are now posted as zonal heads for various Indian states. The salary of an ADGP varies between INR 37,400 to INR 67,000, with grade pay of INR 12,000.

Full Form of IGP

The full form of IGP is the Inspector General of Police, who are two-star IPS officers. The 2 star police mean officers with the third-highest ranking in the hierarchy. This puts them right below the ADGP. IGP officers wear a Gorget patch on their collar, with the same sort of emblem and patch. However, the outline for the emblem is coloured white. IGP officers earn between INR 37,400 to INR 67,000 with grade pay of INR 10,000.

Full Form of DIGP

The full form of DIGP is Deputy Inspector General of Police. As an alternative, they can also be called ‘DIG,’ which can stand for Deputy Inspector General. It’s a commonly used name. As a one-star rank in the Indian Police Department, the salary they obtain for the roles and responsibilities you fulfill as a DIG ranges between INR 37,400 to INR 67,000, along with grade pay of INR 8,900.

Full Form of SP

The full form of SP is the Superintendent of Police. They are the head of a district’s police force. In districts where the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) is the head, the SP would be the head of an urban or rural area within that district instead. SSP-ranked IPS officers wear the IPS police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem, whereas an SP-ranked state police officer wears the state police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem. SPs generally earn between INR 15,600 per month to INR 39,000 per month with grade pay of INR 7,600.

Full Form of DCP

The full form of DCP is the Deputy Commissioner of Police. This designation is exclusively applicable in metropolitan cities with a police commissioner as the city’s Chief of Police. In such cities, the area is divided into a suitable number of regions, zones, and divisions, based on which certain designations are provided to different candidates. The DCP earns between INR 15,600 to INR 39,000, with grade pay of INR 7,600.

Full Form of ASP

The full form of ASP is Additional Superintendent of Police. ASPs have a 3-star badge and are also placed in non-metropolitan areas. So the responsibilities included are not as prioritized as that of a DSP or an SP. With that, the salary range for ASPs is between INR 15,600 to INR 39,100 with grade pay of INR 5,400.

Full Form of PI

The full form of PI is Police Inspector. These are non-gazetted officers who command police stations. If you are trying to figure out how to become a PI, then it involves passing the direct recruitment exams generally aimed at Sub-Inspector positions in the state held by the state police department. Alternatively, you can write the Constable Recruitment Exam; however, it will take a longer time to secure a position as a PI.

PIs are generally earning between INR 23,500 to INR 31,000. The grade pay is included in those brackets.

Full Form of API

The full form of API is Assistant Police Inspector, a rank that is lower than that of the PI. As an API, you are an inspector in an administrative position equivalent to the police force rank. APIs generally enjoy a salary package of approximately INR 24,000, including grade pay.

Full Form of SI

The full form of SI is Sub-Inspector of Police, who generally commands a number of police personnel (along with the head constables and their commanding police outposts). SI is also known as PSI, where the PSI full form is Police Sub-Inspector.

SI is the lowest-ranked officer who can file a charge sheet in court under the Indian Police rules and regulations. However, they are usually the first investigating officer. The salary of an SI depends on the state they are working in. In Delhi, PSI salary ranges between INR 9,300 to INR 34,800 with grade pay of INR 4,200. In other states, the range is between INR 5,200 to INR 20,200 with grade pay of INR 2,400.

Full Form of ASI

The full form of ASi is Assistant Sub-Inspector, a rank lower than that of the SI. They are a one-star ranked, non-gazetted police officer. Their uniform consists of a red-and-blue striped ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps.

ASIs are offered a salary of INR 5,200 to INR 20,200 plus grade pay of INR 2,800.

Full Form of HC

The full form of HC is Head Constable, which is equivalent to a Sergeant in the police forces of other countries. In order to identify a head constable, you can spot their 3 chevrons (pointed downwards) on the sleeves. Alternatively, you may also find 3 bars on their epaulettes (badges). HCs are generally paid between INR 15,600 to 60,000 with grade pay of INR 9,400.

Full Form of PC

The full form of PC is Police Constable, which is the lowest police rank in India. This ranking is followed by the Head Constable. Depending on the authorization passed by the command chain in the police force, a police constable may or may not possess and carry a gun. PCs are paid between INR 11,900 per month to INR 15,300 per month.

Full Form of CI

The full form of CI is Circle Inspector. They are police officers ranking equal to the DSP or ASP in Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. In other states, the same post is designated as DSP or ACP. CI is also addressed as CO, where CO full form in Police is Circle Officer. The recruitment for this post is done via direct posting or promotion. For direct posting, The State Public Service Commission (SPSC) conducts the State Civil Service Examination (SCSE) periodically for the sole purpose of recruitment. Usually, CIs (or COs) are paid between INR 15,600 to INR 39,100.

Full Form of SHO

The full form of SHO is Station House Officer; they are in charge of the police station of the locality they are assigned to. SHOs are ranked above SIs and below DSPs. Alternatively, you can call them SO, where the SO full form is Station Officer. Their primary responsibilities include leading sub-inspectors, head constables, and constable teams investigating a crime in an area of interest. During court cases, their appearance is crucial since they represent the police station they work in. Usually, SHOs earn between INR 5,200 to INR 20,200.

Besides the details and full forms of the numerous positions available in the police department, a few other terms and positions are more scarce.

Here are some of them:

Related TermsFull Form
Full Form of FIRFirst Information Report
Full Form of CSRCommunity service register
Full Form of OCOfficer-in-Charge
Full Form of NCRNon-Cognizable Report
Full Form of RIRigorous Imprisonment
Full Form of TITest Identification Parade
NCR Full FormNot Criminally Responsible
CID Full FormCrime Investigation Department
IIC Police Full FormInternal Investigation Command
PSI Full FormPolice Sub Inspector
SDPO Full FormSub Divisional Police Officer
ACB Full FormAnti-Corruption Bureau
SGP Full FormSociety of General Physiologists
IAC Full FormInternational Administration Centre
IAP Full FormInternational Police Association
AR Full FormArmed Reserve
DySP Full FormDeputy Superintendent of Police
DI Full FormDetective Inspector
RPS Full FormRajasthan Police Service
PSL Full FormProfessional Support Lawyers
FO Full FormField Office
Full Form of WHOWorld Health Organization
PA Full FormPolice Academy

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